This manual is for an old version of Hazelcast Jet, use the latest stable version.

Like with the functional interfaces, Jet also includes the distributed versions of the classes found in These can be reached via However, keep in mind that collectors such as toMap(), toCollection(), toList(), and toArray() create a local data structure and load all the results into it. This works fine with the regular JDK streams, where everything is local, but usually fails badly in the context of a distributed computing job.

For, example the following innocent-looking code can easily cause out-of-memory errors because the whole distributed map will need to be held in memory at a single place:

// get a distributed map with 5GB per node on a 10 node cluster
IStreamMap<String, String> map = jet.getMap("large_map");
// now try to build a HashMap of 50GB
Map<String, String> result =
                                .map(e -> e.getKey() + e.getValue())
                                .collect(toMap(v -> v, v -> v));

This is why Jet distinguishes between the standard collectors and the Jet-specific Reducers. A Reducer puts the data into a distributed data structure and knows how to leverage its native partitioning scheme to optimize the access pattern across the cluster.

These are some of the Reducer implementations provided in Jet:

  • toIMap(): writes the data to a new Hazelcast IMap.
  • groupingByToIMap(): performs a grouping operation and then writes the results to a Hazelcast IMap. This uses a more efficient implementation than the standard groupingBy() collector and can make use of partitioning.
  • toIList(): writes the data to a new Hazelcast IList.

A distributed data structure is cluster-managed, therefore you can't just create one and forget about it; it will live on until you explicitly destroy it. That means it's inappropriate to use as a part of a data item inside a larger collection, a further consequence being that a Reducer is inappropriate as a downstream collector; that's where the JDK-standard collectors make sense.