Hazelcast Configuration

Configuration Overview

Hazelcast can be configured declaratively (XML) or programmatically (API) or even by the mix of both.

1- Declarative Configuration

If you are creating new Hazelcast instance with passing null parameter to Hazelcast.newHazelcastInstance(null) or just using empty factory method (Hazelcast.newHazelcastInstance()), Hazelcast will look into two places for the configuration file:

  • System property: Hazelcast will first check if "hazelcast.config" system property is set to a file path. Example: -Dhazelcast.config=C:/myhazelcast.xml.

  • Classpath: If config file is not set as a system property, Hazelcast will check classpath for hazelcast.xml file.

If Hazelcast does not find any configuration file, it will happily start with default configuration (hazelcast-default.xml) located in hazelcast.jar. (Before configuring Hazelcast, please try to work with default configuration to see if it works for you. Default should be just fine for most of the users. If not, then consider custom configuration for your environment.)

If you want to specify your own configuration file to create Config, Hazelcast supports several ways including filesystem, classpath, InputStream, URL, etc.:

  • Config cfg = new XmlConfigBuilder(xmlFileName).build();

  • Config cfg = new XmlConfigBuilder(inputStream).build();

  • Config cfg = new ClasspathXmlConfig(xmlFileName);

  • Config cfg = new FileSystemXmlConfig(configFilename);

  • Config cfg = new UrlXmlConfig(url);

  • Config cfg = new InMemoryXmlConfig(xml);

2- Programmatic Configuration

To configure Hazelcast programmatically, just instantiate a Config object and set/change its properties/attributes due to your needs. Just to give an idea, below is a sample code in which some network, map, map store and near cache attributes are configured for a Hazelcast instance.

Config config = new Config();
config.getNetworkConfig().setPort( 5900 );
config.getNetworkConfig().setPortAutoIncrement( false );

NetworkConfig network = config.getNetworkConfig();
JoinConfig join = network.getJoin();
join.getMulticastConfig().setEnabled( false );
join.getTcpIpConfig().addMember( "" ).addMember( "" )
            .setRequiredMember( "" ).setEnabled( true );
network.getInterfaces().setEnabled( true ).addInterface( "10.45.67.*" );

MapConfig mapConfig = new MapConfig();
mapConfig.setName( "testMap" );
mapConfig.setBackupCount( 2 );
mapConfig.getMaxSizeConfig().setSize( 10000 );
mapConfig.setTimeToLiveSeconds( 300 );

MapStoreConfig mapStoreConfig = new MapStoreConfig();
mapStoreConfig.setClassName( "com.hazelcast.examples.DummyStore" )
    .setEnabled( true );
mapConfig.setMapStoreConfig( mapStoreConfig );

NearCacheConfig nearCacheConfig = new NearCacheConfig();
nearCacheConfig.setMaxSize( 1000 ).setMaxIdleSeconds( 120 )
    .setTimeToLiveSeconds( 300 );
mapConfig.setNearCacheConfig( nearCacheConfig );

config.addMapConfig( mapConfig );

After creating Config object, you can use it to create a new Hazelcast instance.

  • HazelcastInstance hazelcast = Hazelcast.newHazelcastInstance( config );

  • To create a named HazelcastInstance you should set instanceName of Config object.

    Config config = new Config();
    config.setInstanceName( "my-instance" );
    Hazelcast.newHazelcastInstance( config );
  • To retrieve an existing HazelcastInstance using its name, use;

    Hazelcast.getHazelcastInstanceByName( "my-instance" );

  • To retrieve all existing HazelcastInstances, use;


Using Wildcard

Hazelcast supports wildcard configuration for all distributed data structures that can be configured using Config (i.e. for all except IAtomicLong, IAtomicReference). Using an asterisk (*) character in the name, different instances of maps, queues, topics, semaphores, etc. can be configured by a single configuration.

Note that with a limitation of a single usage, an asterisk (*) can be placed anywhere inside the configuration name.

For instance, a map named 'com.hazelcast.test.mymap' can be configured using one of these configurations:

<map name="com.hazelcast.test.*">
<map name="com.hazel*">
<map name="*.test.mymap">
<map name="com.*test.mymap">

Or a queue 'com.hazelcast.test.myqueue':

<queue name="*hazelcast.test.myqueue">
<queue name="com.hazelcast.*.myqueue">

Composing XML Configuration

You can compose your Hazelcast XML Configuration file from multiple XML configuration snippets. In order to compose XML configuration, you can use the <import/> element to load different XML configuration files. Please see the following examples.


  <import resource="development-group-config.xml"/>
  <import resource="development-network-config.xml"/>




    <port auto-increment="true" port-count="100">5701</port>
        <multicast enabled="true">

image NOTE: You can only use <import/> element on top level of the XML hierarchy.

  • XML resources can be loaded from classpath and filesystem. For example:
  <import resource="file:///etc/hazelcast/development-group-config.xml"/> <!-- loaded from filesystem -->
  <import resource="classpath:development-network-config.xml"/>  <!-- loaded from classpath -->
  • You can use property placeholders in the <import/> elements. For example:
  <import resource="${environment}-group-config.xml"/>
  <import resource="${environment}-network-config.xml"/>

Rest of the chapter first explains the configuration items listed below.

  • Network
  • Group
  • Map
  • MultiMap
  • Queue
  • Topic
  • List
  • Set
  • Semaphore
  • Executor Service
  • Serialization
  • Partition Group
  • MapReduce Jobtracker
  • Services
  • Management Center

Then, it talks about Listener and Logging configurations. And finally, the chapter ends with the advanced system property definitions.

ATTENTION: Most of the sections below use the tags used in declarative configuration when explaining configuration items. We are assuming that the reader is familiar with their programmatic equivalents, since both approaches have the similar tag/method names (e.g. port-count tag in declarative configuration is equivalent to setPortCount in programmatic configuration).