Besides declarative configuration, you can configure your cluster programmatically. For this you can create a Config object, set/change its properties and attributes, and use this Config object to create a new Hazelcast member. Following is an example code which configures some network and Hazelcast Map properties.

Config config = new Config();
config.getNetworkConfig().setPort( 5900 )
					.setPortAutoIncrement( false );
MapConfig mapConfig = new MapConfig();
mapConfig.setName( "testMap" )
					.setBackupCount( 2 )
					.setTimeToLiveSeconds( 300 );
config.addMapConfig( mapConfig );

To create a Hazelcast member with the above example configuration, pass the configuration object as shown below:

HazelcastInstance hazelcast = Hazelcast.newHazelcastInstance( config );

image NOTE: The Config must not be modified after the Hazelcast instance is started. In other words, all configuration must be completed before creating the HazelcastInstance. Certain additional configuration elements can be added at runtime as described in the Dynamically Adding Configuration on a Cluster section.

You can also create a named Hazelcast member. In this case, you should set instanceName of Config object as shown below:

Config config = new Config();
config.setInstanceName( "my-instance" );
Hazelcast.newHazelcastInstance( config );

To retrieve an existing Hazelcast member by its name, use the following:

Hazelcast.getHazelcastInstanceByName( "my-instance" );

To retrieve all existing Hazelcast members, use the following:


image NOTE: Hazelcast performs schema validation through the file hazelcast-config-<version>.xsd which comes with your Hazelcast libraries. Hazelcast throws a meaningful exception if there is an error in the declarative or programmatic configuration.

If you want to specify your own configuration file to create Config, Hazelcast supports several ways including filesystem, classpath, InputStream, and URL:

  • Config cfg = new XmlConfigBuilder(xmlFileName).build();
  • Config cfg = new XmlConfigBuilder(inputStream).build();
  • Config cfg = new ClasspathXmlConfig(xmlFileName);
  • Config cfg = new FileSystemXmlConfig(configFilename);
  • Config cfg = new UrlXmlConfig(url);
  • Config cfg = new InMemoryXmlConfig(xml);